Heart disease

According to WHO studies, Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women and the second leading cause of death in men in the world. It can occur at any age due to the increase in risk factors such as tobacco, stress, overweight and sedentary lifestyle.

Thus, obesity is becoming the most common health problem of the 21st century, which will also significantly increase the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in developing countries.

Obesity is a chronic metabolic disorder associated with cardiovascular disease leading to increased risk of morbidity and mortality.

By favorably modifying the lipid profile, lowering blood glucose (if diabetes) and blood pressure, weight loss could prevent the progression of atheromatous plaque and thus reduce the risk of acute coronary syndrome. This hypothesis remains, to this day, still validated by a clinical trial that would confirm the beneficial effects of weight loss by reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with cardiovascular diseases.

What is a cardiovascular disease?

It is a disease or injury affecting the heart and the blood vessels supplying the heart. They involve the heart muscle, arteries, valves, cerebral vessels and vessels of the lower limbs and aorta.

The different types of cardiovascular diseases

We decided to present in detail the main risks of cardiovascular disease that an obese individual is able to develop:

Our advice to avoid cardiovascular disease

To avoid heart attack or stroke, the first good thing is to get into the sport and start watching your weight. The risk of stroke in an obese is almost tripled according to some medical sources.

** Watch your weight **

Overweight increases the risk of heart attack. Monitor your weight and regularly measure your BMI (Body Mass Index). BMI is calculated by dividing weight in kg by height squared. Also consider measuring your waistline. It must not be equal to or greater than 80 cm.

** Exercise **

For a healthy heart, be active! At least 30 minutes a day. Walking, cycling, bodybuilding ... Physical exercise helps to keep your heart healthy and healthy. Do you know that 30 minutes of walking a day protect your heart and your arteries? It's time to buy a little sports outfit and get started!

** Avoid too much stress **

Family conflicts, financial worries, professional productivity, health problems ... There are many sources of stress in life. To protect your heart from cardiovascular disease, try to find a balance between active periods and moments of relaxation and relaxation. To get away from stress as much as possible, choose quality sleep. Practice relaxation or yoga.

** Learn to recognize the symptoms of heart attack or stroke **

To guard against cardiovascular disease, learn to recognize its symptoms. Severe chest pain is the main symptom of infarction. But this symptom is not always present. There are other symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea, vomiting, sweating
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Pain in the top of the jaw or neck
  • Feeling of anguish

Calculate your BMI

Use our online calculator to check your body mass index (BMI) and find out if you have a healthy weight.