What is high blood pressure?

In recent decades, there has been an increase in the prevalence of obesity as well as high blood pressure. The relationship between weight and blood pressure is currently well established. It is estimated that 60 to 70% of the risk of high blood pressure is due to obesity. In addition, excess abdominal fat (android obesity) seems to have a greater effect on the development of high blood pressure than gynoid obesity.

What is high blood pressure?

It is characterized by too high blood pressure on the artery walls when the person is at rest. Which causes fatigue of the heart and wears out the arteries.

It is defined by two numbers:

  1. A high value: it corresponds to the systole (= phase during which the heart contracts and ejects the blood in the arteries)
  2. A low value: it corresponds to the diastole (= phase during which the heart relaxes and fills with blood) Arterial hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure above 139 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure as greater than 89 mmHg. It can also be expressed in centimeters of mercury (cmHg), the figures that will be communicated to you are disregarding the unit and you therefore hear "14/9 of tension".

How to measure your tension?

It is necessary that this voltage take-off be carried out under standardized conditions:

  • At rest, in a patient sitting or lying down for at least 15 minutes
  • Sockets on both arms with a suitable cuff
  • At least two high measurements and make a standing tension

It is enough to raise the tension. It is common that apprehension related to a medical consultation is enough to raise the latter. It is also important to avoid any physical effort before taking it. If the medical environment is too stressful, you can measure your blood pressure in a pharmacy or buy one and take the blood pressure at home.

What are the signs of hypertension?

If you have one or more of these signs, you should think about possible high blood pressure and consult your doctor so that he can make the diagnosis.

  • Headaches
  • Family history of hypertension or stroke
  • Abdominal obesity

However, it is common for hypertension to be accompanied by no symptoms.

How to reduce hypertension?

You will find below the 5 rules to follow to effectively reduce your hypertension.

  • Lose weight, if you are overweight. The loss of a few pounds can already bring down the tension.
  • Try to carry out a physical activity that will be adapted to your possibilities. It is necessary that this activity be coupled with weight loss so that one can have an effect on the blood pressure.
  • Reduce salt in your diet
  • Avoid all sources of stress
  • Stop smoking and alcohol

If your blood pressure remains high despite these measures, your doctor may consider taking antihypertensive medications.

Hypertension and chronic diseases

High blood pressure is one of the chronic diseases claimed by WHO.

What is a chronic disease according to WHO? It is a health problem that requires care over a period of years or decades.

Hypertension is the chronic disease that affects the most individuals in France with 7 million individuals who die each year.

It is not only obesity that promotes the development of high blood pressure. There are other factors. The more factors you accumulate, the more likely you are to develop this disease. Risk factors for developing high blood pressure:

  • Age over 45 in men and 55 in women
  • Family history of cardiovascular disease
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • High cholesterol
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Physical inactivity
  • Abdominal obesity and / or BMI greater than 30

Want more slimming tips? Check out our latest wellness articles.

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